I-190 N.N.Polikarpov

I-190 on skis

The last flown derivative of the I-153 biplane fighter. Powered with new compact M-88 engine aircraft included many improvements suggested during combat in Spain and Mongolia. As well as the predecessor, it was intended for highly maneuvrable dogfight in cooperation with high-speed fighters (I-16). It was a biplane fighter brought to its perfection. But it was already obsolete and unable to compete with monoplane fighters.
Spinner had 150mm central ventilation intake, with ventilation blades integrated into rear surface uf spinner.
First flight took place December 30, 1939 (pilot A.I.Zhukov). M-88, M-88R, M-88A engines were tried with different propellers. After crash on February 30, 1941 project was cancelled.
The second I-190 (equipped with pressurised cocpit and turbocharcher for high altitude operations) was not finished.

  • "History of aircraft construction in the USSR" by V.B.Shavrov, Vol.2 p.57;
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  • I-190, Polikarpov
  • Technical information
    Type I-190
    Function Fighter
    Year 1939
    Crew 1
    Engines 1*900/1100hp M-88
    Length 6.48 m
    Wingspan 10.20 m
    Wing area 24.83 m2
    Empty weight 1761 kg
    Loaded weight 2112 kg
    Maximum weight 2321 kg
    Wing load 85 kg/m2
    Power load 1.92 kg/hp
    Speed at 0m 375 km/h
    Speed at 7050m 450 km/h
    Landing Speed 130 km/h
    Range 450/720 km
    Ceiling 12400 m
    5000m 5.9 min
    Guns 4*7.62mm ShKAS
    2*20mm ShVAK
    Bombs 200 kg
    Modified January 6, 1998
    by Alexandre Savine;